The name chaumes describes a field after the harvest, when only the stalks of the cereals remain. This part of the plant, also known as “straw”, used to be of great economic importance since harvesting with a sickle left behind stalks that were relatively tall.
This stubble was sometimes dug in as a fertiliser or it was cut and used for a wide variety of purposes: as bedding for both horses and people, for thatching houses and mixed with mud to make walls, both of which provided excellent thermal insulation. Stubble could be used for thatching rural dwellings, and was occasionally used in urban areas, as an alternative to the “shingles” (wooden tiles) used in forested areas and the clay tiles used in regions with clay soils.
What exactly was the “Chapitre” which owned the land known as the “Chaumes du Chapitre”? Does the name refer to the Chapter of the Maison-Dieu in Montmorillon? Or to that of the Canons of Le Dorat whose lives were given over to prayer in their collegial church of Saint-Pierre, but who also played an important seigneurial role as regards the lands they owned, some of which was located at quite a distance? Whoever the landlords or owners may have been, the number of plots of land bearing the name chaumes is evidence of their significance within the landscape and within people’s lives:
the Grands Chaumes de Prun, the Chaumes de chez Pougy, the Chaumes du Ruisseau and the Chaumes aux Grelots, along with the brandes (heathlands), the bouiges (ground prepared by burning), the vignes (vines), the bouillons (mullein), the patureaux (pastures), etc.
This circuit is one of 12 circuits known collectively as "Les Chaumes du Chapitre", located in the Adriers, Moulismes and Plaisance area.
- Difference in height
- 43.73 m
- 44 meters of difference in height
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